Recent advances in high-throughput sequencing and genotyping technologies are driving the boundaries of medicine and healthcare into the “genomic medicine” era. Genomic medicine is defined as “an emerging medical discipline that involves using genomic information about an individual as part of their clinical care (e.g., for diagnostic or therapeutic decision-making) and the health outcomes and policy implications of that clinical use.” (NHGRI). To facilitate a rapid and informed adoption of the Genomics Medicine into routine clinical care, healthcare professionals’ training and education will need to be transformed radically. Lack of or inadequate training could delay the translation of the emerging information into quality healthcare. While there is a growing number of initiatives developing and implementing Genomic Medicine curricula there are numerous shortcomings in the current trends, which include:
- Developing curricula for healthcare professions and researchers in isolation such as nurses or undergraduate degrees and disregarding the collaborative nature of the healthcare.
- Lack of tractable evaluation processes to assess i) the rate of the adoption of the curriculum and ii) the impact of the curriculum on students’ knowledge, attitudes and skills.
- Lack of guidelines and standards for curricula development in Genomics in Africa
- Lack of curricula developed based on a framework
The African Genomic Medicine Training Initiative (AGMT) is developing the Genomic Medicine curriculum based on Kerns’ 6-step approach. Click on the following link to read strategy: Curriculum Development Strategy (v-2017-01-03)
A competency based mapping approach was adopted to develop individual learners objectives and goals. The competency based strategy which is illustrated based on nurse competencies. Click on following link to read competency mapping strategy: Competency Mapping Nurses (v.2017-01-03)
In addition, a toolkit is currently under development to facilitate the adaptation, implementation and evaluation based on lessons learnt from developing the “Introduction to Genomic Medicine for Nurses in Africa Course”.